Wednesday, 10 August 2016

Make In India

MAKE IN INDIA

Make in India is an initiative launched by the Government of India to encourage multi-national, as well as national companies to manufacture their products in India. It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014. India hoped to emerge, after initiation of the programme in 2015 as the top destination globally for foreign direct investment, surpassing the United States of America as well as the People's Republic of China. In 2015, India received US$63 billion in FDI.
Antiquity
The Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the scheme "Make in India" on 25 September 2014 in a function at the Vigyan Bhavan. On 29 December 2014, a workshop was organized by the Department of Industrial Policy and Campaign which was attended by Namo and his cabinet ministers and chief secretaries of states as well as various industry leaders.
The campaign was designed by Wieden+Kennedy. Under the initiative, brochures on the 25 sectors and a web portal were released. Before the initiative was launched, foreign equity caps in various sectors had been relaxed. The application for licences was made available online and the validity of licenses was increased to three years. Various other norms and procedures were also relaxed.
To focus on job creation and skill enhancement was major objective behind the initiative in 25 sectors of the Indian economy. The initiative also targets at high quality standards and minimizing the impact on the environment. The creativity hopes to attract capital and technological investment in India.
In August 2014, the Cabinet of India allowed 49% foreign direct investment (FDI) in the defence sector and 100% in railways infrastructure. The defence sector previously allowed 26% FDI and FDI was not allowed in railways. This was in hope of bringing down the military imports of India. Earlier, one Indian company would have held the 51% stake, this was changed so that multiple companies could hold the 51%.
Ø   The government received ₹1.20 lakh crore (US$18 billion) between September 2014 and November 2015 worth of proposals from companies engrossed in manufacturing electronics in India.
Ø  April–June quarter of 2015,  24.8% of smartphones shipped in the country in the were made in India, up from 19.9% the previous quarter.
Make in India focuses on the following twenty-five sectors of the economy:
Electrical Machinery
Electronic systems
Food Processing
Information Technology and Business process management
Leather
Automobiles
Automobile Components
Aviation
Biotechnology
Chemicals
Construction
Defence manufacturing
Mining
Oil and Gas
Pharmaceuticals
Ports and Shipping
Railways
Renewable Energy
Roads and Highways
Space and astronomy
Textiles and Garments
Thermal Power
Tourism and Hospitality
Wellness
Timeline:-
Ø  The Spice Group said it would start a mobile phone manufacturing unit in Uttar Pradesh with an investment of ₹5 billion (US$74 million). A memorandum of understanding was signed between the Spice Group and the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
Ø  Hyun Chil Hong, the President & CEO of Samsung South Asia, met with Kalraj Mishra, Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), to discuss a joint initiative under which 10 "MSME-Samsung Technical Schools" will be established in India. In February, Samsung said that will manufacture the Samsung Z1 in its plant in Noida In January 2015
Ø  Hitachi said it was committed to the initiative. It said that it would increase its employees in India from 10,000 to 13,000 and it would try to increase its revenues from India from ¥100 billion in 2013 to ¥210 billion. It said that an auto-component plant will be set up in Chennai in 2016 In February 2015.
Ø  Huawei opened a new research and development (R&D) campus in Bengaluru. It had invested US$170 million to establish the research and development centre.It is also in the process of setting up a Telecom hardware manufacturing plant in Chennai, the approvals of which have been granted by the central government. Also in February, Marine Products Export Development Authority said that it was interested in supplying shrimp eggs to shrimp farmers in India under the initiative In February 2015,
Ø  In February 2015, Xiaomi began initial talks with the Andhra Pradesh government to begin manufacturing smartphones at a Foxconn-run facility in Sri City. On 11 August 2015, the company announced that the first manufacturing unit was operational and introduced the Xiaomi Redmi 2 Prime, a smartphone that was assembled at the facility.
Ø  In June 2015, France-based LH Aviation signed an MoU with OIS Advanced Technologies to set up a manufacturing plant in India to manufacture drones.
Ø  On 8 August 2015, Foxconn announced that it would invest US$5 billion over five years to set up a research and development and hi-tech semiconductor manufacturing facility in Maharashtra. Less than a week earlier, General Motors had announced that it would invest US$1 billion to begin manufacturing automobiles in the state.
Ø  On 18 August 2015, Lenovo announced that it had begun manufacturing Motorola smartphones at a plant in Sriperumbudur near Chennai, run by Singapore-based contract manufacturer Flextronics International Ltd. The plant has separate manufacturing lines for Lenovo and Motorola, as well as quality assurance, and product testing. The first smartphone manufactured at the facility was the 4G variant of the Motorola Moto E (2nd generation).
Ø  On 16 October 2015, Boeing chairman James McNerney said that the company could assemble fighter planes and either the Apache or Chinook defence helicopter in India. The company is also willing to manufacture the F/A-18 Super Hornet in India if the Indian Air Force (IAF) were to purchase it.
Ø  In November 2015, Taiwan's Wistron Corp, which makes devices for companies such as Blackberry, HTC and Motorola, announced that it would begin manufacturing the devices at a new factory in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. A company spokesperson stated, "The government's 'Make in India' campaign, coupled with the country's growing consumption, makes an excellent case for the Indian manufacturing sector to emerge as a global manufacturing hub across sectors."
Ø  On 30 November 2015, the Ministry of Railways signed formal agreements with Alstom and GE Transport worth ₹400 billion (US$5.9 billion) to set-up locomotive manufacturing factories in Madhepura and Marhaura in Bihar.
Ø  In December 2015, Qualcomm announced that it was starting a "Design in India" programme to help mentor up to ten Indian hardware companies with the potential to come up with innovative solutions and help them reach scale. Qualcomm chairman had promised Prime Minister Modi that they would do so during the latter's visit to Silicon Valley in September 2015. As part of the programme, the company will set up an Innovation Lab in Bengaluru to provide technical and engineering support to the selected companies. In the same month, Micromax announced that it would three new manufacturing units in Rajasthan, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh at a cost of ₹3 billion (US$45 million). The plants will begin functioning in 2016, and will each employ 3,000-3,500 people.
Ø  Following Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to India in December 2015, it was announced that Japan would set up a US$12 billion fund for Make in India related projects called the "Japan-India Make-in-India Special Finance Facility".[45] In late December, phone manufacturer Vivo Mobile India began manufacturing smartphones at a plant in Greater Noida. The plant employs 2,200 people.
Ø  A defence deal was signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Russia in December 2015 which will see the Kamov Ka-226 multi-role helicopter being built in India. This is widely seen as the first defence deal to be actually signed under the Make in India campaign.

Ø  In 2015, India received US$63 billion in FDI.

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Himanshu Shrivastava
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